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English is Interesting

English is interesting; even a letter changed in a word could express entirely different meaning and tone of the sentence. Let us review the following example for illustration: -

  1. You are hired. (It means “You are employed.”)
  2. You are fired. (It means “You are dismissed.”)

What a great and extreme difference it is? You will be very excited on your new employment when you heard the first sentence above. However, you will be very disappointed and lost your job when you heard the second sentence instead.

Perhaps you may find the use of ‘he or she’ in the following manner is interesting.

When you pick up the phone to call someone and say, “May I speak to Nancy please?’. You may get the answer, “This is she”. (it means “This is Nancy’s speaking”)

When you see a baby or a pet but cannot identify its gender, then, you can simply ask, “He or she?” or “A boy or girl?”

The cited examples above are merely to point out that English is sometimes simple but depends on how and when you can use it correctly and appropriate. This is the interesting part in English.

I am very interested in researching the pattern of English words. The idea is brainstormed by my previous Chinese essay on “Shamed and Ashamed”. As such, I could conclude the application of a prefix of “a” or “al” in some of the English words might express the same or similar meaning and/or same part of speech. In view of this research, I have compiled the following table to share with my readers

  1. Broad (adj) wide; abroad (adj) overseas
  2. Board (n) border; aboard (adj, adv) alongside
  3. Bed (n) furniture for sleeping; abed (adj, adv) in bed
  4. Cross (n, v) symbol of two intersecting lines; across (adv) from side to side
  5. Fire (n) burning; afire (adj, adv) on fire
  6. Foot (n, v) lower part of leg, walk; afoot (adj, adv) on foot progress
  7. Flame (n) blazing combustion; aflame (adj, adv) afire
  8. Like (v, n) same; alike (adj) same
  9. Lone (adj) without companionship; alone (adj) without companionship
  10. Fresh (adj) with original quality; afresh (adj) once more
  11. Loud (adj) noisy; aloud (adv) in a loud tone
  12. Long (adj) extending distance; along (adv, prep) together, moving forward
  13. Loft (n, v) attic, upper space; aloft (adv) in high place
  14. Line (n, v) row; aline/align (adj) in a line
  15. Live (v, adj) having life, dwell; alive (adj) having life
  16. Light (n, adj) burning, little weight, bright; alight (adj, v) lit up, get down
  17. Round (v, adj) circular; around (adv) in a circle
  18. Sleep (n, v) in naturally unconscious state; asleep (adj) sleeping condition
  19. Side (n, v) surface; aside (adv) on one side
  20. Slope (v) incline; aslope (adj, adv) slant
  21. Stir (v) moving about; astir (adj) moving about
  22. Void (v, n, adj) invalidate, take out; avoid (v) empty out, keep away
  23. Wake (v) stop to sleep; awake (v) rouse from sleep
  24. Wait (v) stay, postpone action; await (v) wait for
  25. Maze (n, v) confuse; amaze (v) surprise
  26. Mend (v) improve, correct; amend (v) fix, correct
  27. New (adj) fresh; anew (adv) once more
  28. Port (n) place on waterway; aport (adv) on port side
  29. Peak (n) in the highest level; apeak (adj, adv) in vertical position
  30. Part (n) portion; apart (adv) to the side
  31. Rise (v) get up, move forward; arise (v) get up, move forward
  32. Together (adv) in a group; altogether (adv) completely
  33. Though (conj) even if; although (conj) even if
  34. Mighty (adj) powerful; almighty (adj) having absolute power
  35. Right (adj) correct; alright / all right (adj, adv) satisfactory, correct
  36. Lot (n) number of choice or determination; allot (v) distribute by lots
  37. Locate (v) to determine the position; allocate (v) distribute, set aside
  38. Location (n) a situation, process of locating; allocation (n) allotment, appropriation

Do you know which are the top twenty selected as “most beautiful English words”? The ranking is as follows: -

  1. Aquiver(adj): Quivering, trembling.
  2. Mellifluous(adj): A sound that is sweet and smooth, pleasing to hear.
  3. Ineffable(adj): Too great to be expressed in words.
  4. Hiraeth(n): A homesickness for a home you can't return to, or that never was.
  5. Nefarious(adj): Wicked, villainous, despicable. (Note: I have no idea why this word is selected in this category since it means “evil”)
  6. Somnambulist(n): A person who sleepwalks.
  7. Epoch(n): A particular period of time in history or a person's life.
  8. Sonorous(adj): An imposingly deep and full sound.
  9. Serendipity(n): The chance occurrence of events in a beneficial way.
  10. Limerence(n): The state of being infatuated with another person.
  11. Bombinate(v): To make a humming or buzzing noise.
  12. Ethereal(adj): Extremely delicate, light, not of this world.
  13. Illicit(adj): Not legally permitted. (Note: I have no idea why this word is also selected in this category since it means “illegal”).
  14. Petrichor(n): The pleasant, earthy smell after rain.
  15. Iridescent(adj): Producing a display of rainbowlike colors.
  16. Epiphany(n): A moment of sudden revelation.
  17. Supine(adj): Lying face upwards.
  18. Luminescence(n): Light products by chemical, electrical, or physiological means.
  19. Solitude(n): a state of seclusion or isolation.
  20. Aurora(n): dawn.

The result of the ranking and selection may partially or completely be different from other survey or sources. However, those words describing the feeling or reaction of lovers are normally be selected as most beautiful ones. The words signifying the free and relaxing state or environment for enjoying are also be chosen and counted. Some words delineating the “Beauty of the Nature” are also be shortlisted. Out of the above twenty selected words, how many words you are familiar with? If you can recognize ten of them or more, then perhaps you are a typical “perfectionist”. Otherwise, you are very strong and extensive in vocabulary.

Then how about the top ten worst English words are? The list is as follows: -

  1. Renal(n): Relating to the kidneys
  2. Orifice(n): An opening in the body
  3. Sputum(n): A mixture of saliva and mucus
  4. Munch(n): Eat audibly
  5. Secrete(v): To produce and discharge a substance
  6. Fester(v): To become septic
  7. Riddled(adj): Full of disease
  8. Smear(n): A sample of tissue taken from the body
  9. Quim(n): Vulgar slang for female genitalia (Note: This word is offensive to women).
  10. Viscous(adj): Having a thick sticky consistency

Finally, it may be very interesting to know which English word is the longest one? The answer is the word “pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis”. It is a type of lung disease caused by inhaling ash and sand dust. This word has 45 letters. Usually, medical terms or words are very long and hardly to pronounce. If you can pronounce this word, you are wonderful and great.

所有評論

星斗市民 - 2018年07月25日 00:04

(此留言己被博主刪除。)

星斗市民 - 2018年07月25日 00:08

All friends of this Forum are welcome to participate their comments and suggestions on this topic. Please do not hesitate to express your opinion. Perhaps you may discover something else interesting, then why not speak out and share with all of us?

星斗市民 - 2018年07月25日 22:44

No 'dirty words' please.

S

Shizuka - 2018年08月01日 00:47

English is without doubt the international language. This is a very interesting article. Thanks for sharing. Btw, I always find the difference between British English and American English interesting too. 

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 01:01

Shizuka, 

Yes, I agree with you, British English and American English are sometimes different, especially in spelling, for example:-

Harbour and Harbor

Labour and Labor

Realize and Realise

Recognize and Recognise

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 01:13

Shizuka,

Other than spelling, the pronounciation on some of the words is different, for example, either ("e" has no sound in British English; whereas American English has no sound on the letter of "i" instead).

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 03:31

In conversation, the following question is different:-

"How are you?" (British English) or "How do you do?"

"How are you doing?" (American English)

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 06:18

There are some more differences between Bristish English and American English.

(1) Vocabulary 

Flats, Holiday (British English) 

Apartments, Vacation (American English)

(2) Collective Nouns (such as team, band, staff)

Singular and Plural (Bristish English)

Singular only (American English)

(3) Some Past Tense Verbs

Ending "ed" or "t" (British English) e.g. learned or learnt, dreamed or dreamt, burned or burnt, leaned or leant.

Ending "ed" only (American English) e.g. learned, dreamed, burned, leaned.

 

 

巨浪 - 2018年08月01日 07:32

洋奴漢奸最愛英語,be shame,shamed,ashamed,决定用哪個啊?哈哈哈哈哈哈。

 

Barwon - 2018年08月01日 11:07

Learning English comes with a fee.  But here at Hkej forum, effing English is offered for free.

w

wyap8993 - 2018年08月01日 15:46

Learning English is interesting, very interesting indeed. But I would like to remind the naive "chinks" that the mindset of the English; at the back of their minds and hearts are more "interesting"…mysterious and dark!

I saw this on the BBC and thought you should see it:

British Chinese people say racism against them is 'ignored' - http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/30538929

https://youtu.be/jhl0YB74ukY

https://youtu.be/Nd24_tf98lk

w

wyap8993 - 2018年08月01日 15:50

Hey "chinks", you have all been stereotyped.

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 23:16

“Big Wave”

You are a typical “Chinese Pig”, you are unable to write a complete English sentence. Do you know you have indirectly insulted your Master and Home Country? Your President Xi Jinping, Peng Liyuan, Premier Li Keqiang, and all Chinese Diplomats are speaking English, the international language, otherwise they can hardly communicate with the Western countries. As a result, your insulting speech will probably be penalized with “death sentence”. Moreover, even if you can escape from the penalty, you still cannot get away from Castle Peak Hospital since you were seriously diagnosed mentally due to the uncertain handling of “W9” in your damaged brain.

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 23:29

Barwon,

Your statement seems to be misleading to the readers. Advertising is definitely prohibited in this Forum. Can you find any part of my Article containing the advertising or selling the product of "English"? Please be advised that my Article is simply to bring out, encourage the readers to discuse the "Interests in English".

 

 

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 23:46

(此留言己被博主刪除。)

星斗市民 - 2018年08月01日 23:47

wyap8993,

Maybe you do not understand clearly about “Racism”. In fact, “racism” and “language” are entirely two different issues, you cannot say the Chinese people speaking English is a cause of “racism”. “Racism” comes from the “race” (i.e. the color of your body) and not depends on the language spoken.

Barwon - 2018年08月02日 09:56

Misleading or misinterpretation is a matter of your choice.

星斗市民 - 2018年08月02日 23:48

Barwon,
Understanding or misunderstanding to my Article is also a matter of your own judgement.
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